fishery n : a workplace where fish are caught and processed and sold [syn: piscary]
- a place where fish etc are caught or processed
- a fishing company
- ''For the fishing industry and the practice of fishing, see fishing.
A fishery is an area with an associated fish or aquatic population which is harvested for its value (commercial, recreational, subsistence). It can be saltwater or freshwater, wild or farmed. Examples are the salmon fishery of Alaska, the cod fishery off the Lofoten islands or the tuna fishery of the Eastern Pacific.
Most fisheries are marine, rather than freshwater; most marine fisheries are based near the coast. This is not only because harvesting from relatively shallow waters is easier than in the open ocean, but also because fish are much more abundant near the coastal shelf, due to coastal upwelling and the abundance of nutrients available there. However, productive wild fisheries also exist in open oceans, particularly by seamounts, and inland in lakes and rivers.
Most fisheries are wild fisheries, but increasingly fisheries are farmed. Farming can occur in coastal areas, such as with oyster farms, but more typically occur inland, in lakes, ponds, tanks and other enclosures.
There are fisheries worldwide for fish, mollusks and crustaceans, and by extension, aquatic plants such as kelp. However, a very small number of species support the majority of the world’s fisheries. Some of these species are herring, cod, anchovy, tuna, flounder, mullet, squid, shrimp, salmon, crab, lobster, oyster and scallops. All except these last four provided a worldwide catch of well over a million tonnes in 1999, with herring and sardines together providing a harvest of over 22 million metric tons in 1999. Many other species as well are harvested in smaller numbers.
- FAO Fisheries Department and its SOFIA report
- The Fishery Resources Monitoring System (FIRMS)
- The International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade (IIFET)
- Dynamic Changes in Marine Ecosystems: Fishing, Food Webs, and Future Options (2006), U.S. National Academy of Sciences
- UNEP/GEF South China Sea Project and its Fisheries Refugia Portal and National Reports on Fish Stocks and Habitats in the South China Sea
fishery in Danish: Fiskeri
fishery in German: Fischerei
fishery in Spanish: Explotación (pesquera)
fishery in Croatian: Ribarstvo
fishery in Icelandic: Sjávarútvegur
fishery in Dutch: Visserij
fishery in Japanese: 漁業
fishery in Norwegian: Fiskeri
fishery in Low German: Fischeree
fishery in Polish: Rybołówstwo
fishery in Portuguese: Pesca
fishery in Northern Sami: Guolásteapmi
fishery in Slovak: Rybárstvo
fishery in Finnish: Kalastus
fishery in Turkish: Balıkçılık